Tenayuca Pyramid in Mexico State
Tenayuca was the first capital of Chichimecas, nomadic tribes who inhabited Mexico Valley in the late 12th century. The main city attraction is double pyramid with stairways leading to the twin temples on the top.
Between the late 12th and the early 16th centuries, building went through the six phases, and each phase brought new storeys and built-ups to the top pyramidal platform. Despite the latest reconstructions were made according to Aztec architecture traditions, the masters saved the unique construction style and correspondence of the decorative elements of all levels (glyphs of skulls and crossed bones, shields, knives and circles carved on the temple steps).
The pyramid base is surrounded by 138 stone fire-snakes with open mouths. The residues of black, white and deep-blue paints on the sculptures confirmed the scientific hypothesis that Tenayuca pyramid was devoted to the worship of Sun god.
During each reconstruction, the stone blocks were covered with the mortar made of lime, sand and crushed tesontle, then coloured. Some paintings remained on the plaster floors in archaeological area labelled Tenayuca II, where the ruins of Chichimeca tribes’ settlement were found.
GEOFIP team inspired by ancient civilization technologies is developing highly durable constructive materials capable enough to preserve our current architectural traditions for future generations.